The Enlightenment throughout Europe Foreigners who came to see the monuments of Italy, or perhaps to listen to the music that they might recognize as the inspiration of some of the best of their own, were likely to return convinced that the country was backward. Its intellectual life might remain a closed book.
However, if one had to isolate a single idea, then it would probably be the secularization of knowledge. For centuries in the Western world, human knowledge had been controlled to a large extent by the various churches.
|The Shabbatean Frankists||Table of Contents Overview The Enlightenment was a sprawling intellectual, philosophical, cultural, and social movement that spread through England, France, Germany, and other parts of Europe during the s. Enabled by the Scientific Revolution, which had begun as early asthe Enlightenment represented about as big of a departure as possible from the Middle Ages—the period in European history lasting from roughly the fifth century to the fifteenth.|
|Enlightenment (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)||The quantity and diversity of artistic works during the period do not fit easily into categories for interpretation, but some loose generalizations may be drawn. At the opening of the century, baroque forms were still popular, as they would be at the end.|
As such, knowledge tended to be regarded as something that should in some way reinforce the Christian message. The Enlightenment was a very complex intellectual movement, and so it contained a number of very important ideas.
A number of thinkers and scientists—most notably Galileo—fell foul of the authorities because their ideas flatly contradicted church teachings. Under the influence of the scientific revolution of the seventeenth-century, this attitude gradually changed. Science had developed in such a way that its conclusions often challenged the prevailing Christian orthodoxy.
It was a discipline which, of its very nature, could only operate effectively without the constraints placed upon it by the church authorities. In other words, science had to be thoroughly secularized if man wanted to know more about the natural world around him.
Enlightenment thinkers extended this insight into other areas of human knowledge such as philosophy and law, which eventually became independent disciplines in their own right, and like science, were no longer required to act merely as the handmaidens of Christian theology.The Enlightenment was a very complex intellectual movement, and so it contained a number of very important ideas.
However, if one had to isolate a single idea, then it would probably be the. The core ideas associated with the Enlightenment Age include reason, knowledge, and freedom. All quizzes were created with Hot Potatoes by Half-Baked Software from the University of Victoria, Canada Language Centre.
These ideas, works, and principles of the Enlightenment would continue to affect Europe and the rest of the Western world for decades and even centuries to come. Nearly every theory or fact that is held in modern science has a foundation in the Enlightenment; in fact, many remain just as they were established.
John Locke’s Essay Concerning Human Understanding () is another foundational text of the Enlightenment.
A main source of its influence is the epistemological rigor that it displays, which is at least implicitly anti-metaphysical. are characteristic ideas of the Enlightenment, particularly pronounced in the Scottish Enlightenment.
The Enlightenment was also called the Age of Reason because that period was a time of high intellect and bright new ideas. Philosophers would meet to discuss economic, political. social, and religious questions.