When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.
Because Internet technology is constantly changing, so is the APA documentation style for information published on the Net. The purpose of this Web page is to provide you with the most up-to-date information about APA style for documenting electronic sources.
To document other sources, please see our handbooks, or check the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. On this page, you will also find links to the pages of a sample APA research paper. If you print out the entries listed below, be sure to double-check all spacing against the following guidelines: Begin each reference-list entry flush with the left margin, and indent additional lines five spaces.
Double-space between all lines on the References page. All items of a reference-list entry should be separated with a single space. Titles and subtitles of articles are not capitalized except for the first word or enclosed in quotation marks.
The names of periodicals are capitalized and italicized. Periodical, identical to print version Author, A. Title of article [Electronic version].
Title of eriodical, volume number or other designation, inclusive page numbers.
A reference list lists only the sources you refer to in your writing.. The purpose of the reference list is to allow your sources to be be found by your reader. It also . APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. At the end of your paper, you must provide an APA-style reference page that documents the sources you've cited. As with any writing format, your APA-style reference has to follow a certain format to be deemed acceptable by your instructor. Type and double space your essay on standard-sized paper -- byinch -- with 1-inch margins on all sides.
Periodical, different than print version Author, A. Title of Periodical, volume number, inclusive page numbers. Retrieved Month day, year, from electronic address Notes: Include an issue number in parentheses following the volume number if each issue of a journal begins with page 1.
Page numbers are often not relevant for Internet-only sources. End the citation with a period unless the final element is an electronic address. APA Monitor 31 1. Retrieved January 11,from http: Writers Write, 5 9.
Retrieved January 3,from http: The title of the article is followed by the name of the journal italicizedthe volume number italicizedand the issue number in parentheses, not italicized. When forced by line length to break an Internet address, always break it after a slash mark or before a period, and never insert a hyphen at the break.
Christian Science Monitor, 91 85 The item or accession numbers may be included, but are not required.
World diabetes day has people pondering their risk. Ethics of stem cell research. Retrieved November 23,from St. The host organization and the relevant program or department are listed before the URL when a document is contained within a large, complex Web site.
Prescription drug trends — a chartbook. Retrieved November 19,from http: Internal controls over bankcard program need improvement. Retrieved July 23,from http: Learning and the evolution of language.
Paper presented at Brains and Machines Seminar Series. Abstract retrieved November 23,from http:At the end of your paper, you must provide an APA-style reference page that documents the sources you've cited. As with any writing format, your APA-style reference has to follow a certain format to be deemed acceptable by your instructor.
Type and double space your essay on standard-sized paper -- byinch -- with 1-inch margins on . Luckily, writing the in-text citation for a website or webpage is easy: Simply include the author and year of publication.
The URL goes in the corresponding reference list entry (and yes, you can leave the links live). manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. (REF BF P83 ). Feel free to ask for help at Feel free to ask for help at the Library’s Reference/I nformation Desk () or at the Write Place ().
The authority on APA Style and the 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual. Find tutorials, the APA Style Blog, how to format papers in APA Style, and other resources to help you improve your writing, master APA Style, and learn the conventions of scholarly publishing.
The Reference Section: The reference section is where you include any and all references that were used to write your APA paper. Remember, if you cited something in the main body of your paper, it must be included in the reference section.
This section should begin on a new page, with the word “References” centered at the very top of the page. APA bibliography, aka APA reference page, is called simply References. It starts on a separate page after your paper conclusion and has “References” typed on the first line.
The text is centered, but neither bold nor capitalized.